How to pronounce


For both meanings, the pronunciation is straightforward, typically spelled out as individual letters:

  • American Pronunciation: /ˌɛl ˌɛl ˈɛm/
  • British Pronunciation: /ˌɛl ˌɛl ˈɛm/
  • IPA Notation:
    • American and British: [ˌɛl ˌɛl ˈɛm]

To pronounce "LLM," simply say each letter sequentially: "L-L-M."

Definition of


Form: noun

The term "LLM" can refer to different things depending on the context, but it most commonly stands for "Master of Laws," a postgraduate academic degree in law.

Alternatively, in the context of technology and artificial intelligence, "LLM" can stand for "Large Language Model," like those developed by OpenAI. Let's explore both meanings, including pronunciation, definitions, and origins.

Large Language Model (LLM)

Definition: In the field of artificial intelligence, a Large Language Model is a type of machine learning model designed to understand and generate human-like text based on the training it has received from vast amounts of text data. These models, such as OpenAI's GPT (Generative Pre-trained Transformer), are capable of performing a wide range of language-related tasks, including translation, summarization, and question answering.


  • The LLM was able to generate a detailed essay on climate change by drawing from its extensive training on diverse textual data.
  • Companies are increasingly integrating LLMs into their customer service systems to improve response times and personalize communication.
  • Researchers are exploring how LLMs can be used to automate the summarization of lengthy legal documents, potentially revolutionizing the field of legal tech.

Master of Laws (LLM)

Definition: The Master of Laws is an advanced academic degree in law, pursued by those holding a professional law degree, who wish to gain specialized knowledge in a specific area of law. It is common in most parts of the world, including the US, UK, Canada, and Australia, and can focus on areas such as international law, tax law, human rights law, or corporate law.


  • After completing her Juris Doctor, she decided to specialize further by pursuing an LLM in International Human Rights Law at a prestigious university.
  • He is considering applying for an LLM to deepen his understanding of environmental law, which he believes will be crucial in the coming years.
  • The university offers an LLM program that can be completed part-time, making it accessible for working professionals who want to enhance their legal expertise.

What does it mean


Master of Laws (LLM) Origin: The term comes from the Latin "Legum Magister," where "Legum" is the genitive plural form of "Lex," meaning "law." Hence, "LLM" stands for "Master of Laws" rather than "Master of Law" to reflect the plural. This academic degree has its roots in the European tradition of advanced legal studies. Large Language Model (LLM) Origin: The concept of large language models has evolved with the advancement of machine learning and natural language processing technologies. These models are built on architectures such as the Transformer, introduced in a paper titled "Attention is All You Need" by Vaswani et al. in 2017, which revolutionized the approach to processing sequences in AI by relying heavily on self-attention mechanisms rather than previous methodologies like recurrence.

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